Archive for October 26, 2013

Photo Gallery: The International Mountain Summit’s Best Photos   Leave a comment


Victor Liu

Light and shadow were the themes of the photo competition at the International Mountain Summit, held in Brixen, northern Italy. Here, a submission by photographer Victor Liu.



Alexandre Buisse

The winning picture, shown here, was submitted by Frenchman Alexandre Buisse. The image features the Chopicalqui, one of the highest peaks in Peru’s Cordillera Blanca at 6,350 meters (20,833 ft) above sea level.



Joerg Gamroth

Ascent into loneliness: 100 pictures made the jury’s final selection and were exhibited at the festival in Brixen.


Georg Hafer

“Night over Tre Cime di Lavaredo” was Swiss photographer Georg Hafer’s entry into the annual contest, which this year attracted some 2,400 amateur and professional photographers from 98 countries.


Javier Camacho Gimeno

This impressive shot of a camp on K2, in Pakistan’s Karakorum mountains, was also taken at night.


Hanna Ponomarenko

Magic moment: Hanna Ponomarenko’s shot proves that waiting for perfect light is worth it, even on a rainy day.


Mauro Faletti

Less is more: At first glance, Mauro Faletti’s snowy slope looks like a work of abstract art.


Caillum Smith

During a backpacking trip to Iceland in March 2012, amateur photographer Caillum Smith took this picture in Skaftafell National park, earning him third place.


Harry Kikstra

A view of 8,463-meter-high Makalu, taken from Mount Everest at dawn by Harry Kikstra.


Werner Kaminsky

Paragliding in the sun: Only pictures with a special focus on light were considered.


Maciej Makowski

“Fired in Gold” by Maciej Makowski, taken in southeastern Iceland in May 2013.


Andrea Gasparotto

Tiny humans, gigantic landscape: “Between White and Blue” is Andrea Gasparotto’s image of two mountaineers in Italy’s Dolomites.


Klaus Fengler

Balance over a crevasse: Klaus Fengler has photographed some of the leading figures of the worldwide climbing scene, among them Stefan Glowacz and Ines Papert.


Vittorio Ricci

Reflections on still water were a frequent theme in this year’s competition.



Posted October 26, 2013 by kitokinimi in Uncategorized

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Terracotta Army – Guarding the City of Death   1 comment



The terracotta army is maybe the most extraordinary discovery of the 20th century. While digging for a well, a group of Chinese farmers found a few ancient bronze weapons and pieces of broken terracotta. This was the beginning of a great discovery, which would reveal an entire underground city, guarded by terracotta soldiers and horses.

terracotta-army-in-chinaPhoto Source:


The terracotta army, also known as “The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses”, consists of a collection of sculptures representing the armies of the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. He is also the one who started building the Great Wall of China.

This army was buried with him and was supposed to protect the emperor in his afterlife.

The figures are set in battle formation and include infantry, cavalry and charioteers.

Terracotta ArmyPhoto Source: wikimedia commons

the terracotta armyPhoto Source:

the terracotta armyPhoto Source:

This army was meant to guard emperor Qin Shi Huang’s underground world from attack. Because the warriors are life-sized, legends soon began to emerge. One legend says that they were once real people, who were killed and buried by Qin Shi Huang in order to defend him in the afterlife.

the terracotta armyPhoto Source:

The tomb guarded by the terracotta army is an entire necropolis, featuring several offices, stables, halls, and other structures. It can even be considered a microcosm of Qin Shi Huang’s imperial palace. The underground city is also believed to have another hidden area with a mercury river and a ceiling covered with diamonds that look like stars.

All this complex was buried beneath a large earth pyramid. But it went unnoticed for 2000 years, because of its small height. People assumed  it was just a hill and didn’t pay much attention to it.

The burial site is very complex, including not only the earth pyramid, but also several pits with groups of soldiers, chariots and acrobats all around it:

the terracotta armyPhoto Source:

Building the terracotta army

The terracotta army figures were built separately in various workshops, and then assembled. The heads, torsos, arms and legs were each manufactured into a specific workshop, fired separately and finally assembled and set in formation. For the faces, 8 different molds are believed  to have been used. After molding, specific facial features and hair were added to individualize each soldier.

The most amazing thing about these warriors is that they are life-sized. And they have different armor and real arms. Being arranged in war formation, they give the impression of a freeze frame taken from a historical movie.

terracotta armyPhoto Source:

You cannot know over what riches or historical artifacts you are stepping every day. Nor what lies beneath the hill you see from your window, isn’t it? But what would you do if you were one of those farmers who discovered the first parts of the terracotta army?

Posted October 26, 2013 by kitokinimi in Uncategorized

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The Takla Makan Mummies   Leave a comment


In the late 1980’s, perfectly preserved 3000-year-old mummies began appearing in a remote Chinese desert. They had long reddish-blond hair, European features and didn’t appear to be the ancestors of modern-day Chinese people. Archaeologists now think they may have been the citizens of an ancient civilization that existed at the crossroads between China and Europe.

Mummies of “Tomb

Mummy 10 This mummy of a young woman was found in 1989. Based on her partially dismembered limbs and gouged out eyes, Chinese archaeologists believe she was a sacrificial victim.

Mummy 13 This mummified boy, approximately one-year-old, was found in the same grave. He, too, is believed to have been a sacrificial victim who was buried alive.

Mummy 7 This mummy of a woman, who was approximately 40-years old, was found in the main chamber of the same tomb. Her tall stature, high nose, and red hair indicate that she was of European descent.

Mummies from the Wupu cemetery

Mummy 4 This mummy of an 18 to 20 year old woman is on display at a museum in Hami. Her features, particularly her overbite, indicate Caucasian heritage.

Mummy 2 This mummified man was approximately 40 years old at the time of his death.

Posted October 26, 2013 by kitokinimi in Uncategorized

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