Destruction of Djulfa,monuments   Leave a comment

                                               

The Cemetery Before the Annihilation

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Djulfa cemetery, the ram-shaped tombstone of Manuk Nazar dated 1578. Photo by Mme Chantre, 1890. Courtesy of Centro Documentazione Armena, Milan. See Baltrušaitis*, fig. 2.

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A partial view of the cemetery. Photo by Aram Vruyr, 1915.

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Photo by Aram Vruyr, 1915.

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Courtesy Centro Studi e Documentazione della Cultura Armena, Milan.

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Partial view of the cemetery. Courtesy of Herman Vahramian, circa 1970.  See Baltrušaitis, fig. 3.

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A view of the cemetery. 

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A close-up view of the cemetery. 

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Facing the River Araxes with railway line visible in the background, circa 1972.  Courtesy Centro Studi e Documentazione della Cultura Armena, Milan. See Baltrušaitis, fig 4.

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Photo by Jurgis Balturšaitis, 1928, courtesy of the Dickran Kouymjian archives, Paris.

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Researcher Jurgis Baltrušaitis on horseback in front of the Djulfa cemetery in September, 1928.  Courtesy of J. Baltrušaitis. See Baltrušaitis, fig. 1.

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Photo by Jurgis Balturšaitis, 1928, courtesy of the Dickran Kouymjian archives, Paris.

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Djulfa khachkars, undated. See Baltrušaitis, fig. 20.

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A detailed carving of Christ on a khachkar’s top band. Courtesy of Herman Vahramian, Milan. See Baltrušaitis, fig. 23 d. Also published in Argam Ayvazyan, Jugha, 1990, illustration 105.

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Khachkar dated 1546. See Baltrušaitis, fig. 6.

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Middle khachkar dated 1574. See Baltrušaitis, fig. 14.

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Khachkar, undated. See Baltrušaitis, fig. 21.

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Khachkars. Courtesy Argam Ayvazyan, Jugha, 1990. Illustration 30.

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Khachkar for Avetik, 1597 (left) and Mahtes Ghalam (1596). Courtesy Argam Ayvazyan, Jugha, Yerevan: Sovetakan Grogh, 1990. Illustration 60.

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Source unknown.

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Khachkars (1560 and 1564) for Khoja Aghavale. Courtesy Argam Ayvazyan, Jugha, 1990. Illustration 59.

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A partial view of the cemetery. Photo by Zaven Sargissian, 1987.

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A partial view of the cemetery. Photo by Zaven Sargissian, 1987.

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A view of the cemetery. Photo by Armen Haghnazarian, 1976.

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A khachkar dated 1571. Photo by Zaven Sargissian, 1987.

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A partial view of the cemetery. Photo by Rafayel Abgarian, 1986.

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A partial view of the cemetery. Photo by Zaven Sargissian, 1987.

 

 The Final Destruction of Djulfa

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Azerbaijani soldiers photographed destroying tombstones at the Djulfa cemetery. Courtesy Arthur Gevorgian, December 2005.

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Dozens of uniformed Azerbaijanis with  heavy equipment as seen from the Iranian side of the Araxes River.

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An Azerbaijani soldier looking towards Armenian khachkars piled for destruction.

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Dozens of uniformed Azerbaijanis as seen from the Iranian side of the Araxes River.

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Remaining khachkar pieces being loaded onto a truck by Azerbaijani servicemen.

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Azerbaijani soldiers photographed destroying tombstones at the Djulfa cemetery.

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A crane extracting a large Armenian tombstone from its foundation so that it may be more easily destroyed .

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A truck dumping pieces of destroyed khachkars into the River Araxes, which demarcates the Azerbaijani-Iranian border.

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Azerbaijani soldiers at the Iranian border further defacing dumped khachkars, some of which still bore Armenian inscriptions and Christian symbols.

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After a truck dumps destroyed khachkars on the the bank of the River Araxes, Azerbaijani servicemen sift through pieces of the sacred stones to insure the latter don’t bear any Armenian and Christian traces. 

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After a truck dumps destroyed khachkars toward the River Araxes at the Azerbaijani-Iranian border, Azerbaijani servicemen are going through pieces of the sacred stones to insure the latter don’t bear any Armenian and Christian traces such as inscriptions and carved symbols.  

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A crane removes a large khachkar (right) while Azerbaijani servicemen inspect destroyed pieces of the sacred monuments (left). 

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Azerbaijani servicemen destroying those Armenian khachkars that survived being dumped into the River Araxes. 

Additional snapshots from the destruction are available at Armenica.org.

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An Armenian priest in Iran praying that God may forgive Azerbaijani servicemen, seen in the background across the Azerbaijani-Iranian border, as they destroy the sacred tombstones of the largest medieval Armenian cemetery in the world.

 

 

Posted October 25, 2013 by kitokinimi in Uncategorized

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