Poisonous plants: The green threat from the garden   Leave a comment


With the lily of the valley “refined” wild garlic soup to the alluring, especially for children belladonna berry – the opportunities to accidentally poison, are manifold – also in urban areas. In cities you will find a plethora of toxic, often even potentially deadly plant species. They come from different genres vary, construction and Wirkmechnismen. The following are some of the poisonous plants that you can probably meet in Vienna.


AtropaKurt Stüber (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1f/Atropa_bella-donna0.jpg)

An unfriendly representatives of the Solanaceae is the nightshade . It contains in addition to atropine and scopolamine, which can lead to Dyregulation the autonomic nervous system, and a variety of other alkaloids of some high toxicity. Only three of the tasty berries can kill a child. 


Datura Stramoniumbdk (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b1/Datura_stramonium_2000.jpg)

The datura stramonium is also among the Nachschattengewächsen. How to find the belladonna alkaloids in Datura different, which can cause intoxication with hallucinations and loss of consciousness. Poisoning usually come through the intake of seeds, often in children or the abuse as an intoxicant before.


Solanum tuberosum(C) Reuters (Amir Cohen / Reuters)

Also, the potato can be a problem. All above-ground parts of the potato plant and green potatoes are poisonous. This is attributable to the contained alkaloids, especially on the solanine. Poisoning have become limited by the use of modern varieties with reduced alkaloid content today.


Colchicum autumnale(C) EPA (Arno Balzarini)

A representative of the sometimes deadly Timeless plants is the autumn crocus . Your main poison Cholchizin leads to inhibition of cell division.Pharmaceutical use, it is primarily as a remedy for gout, while other alkaloids of the Autumn crocus can be used as chemotherapeutic agents against cancer. Poisoning are frequently confused with the edible wild garlic, but also by the overdose of gout preparations.


Taxus baccataFrank Vincentz (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b8/Taxus_baccata_04_ies.jpg)

A similar mechanism as the Cholchizin the autumn crocus put the taxanes of the European yew tree on the day. They are also used in cancer therapy.Because of the red seed coat, it just comes in children repeatedly to poisoning by the often grown in gardens plant. 


Conium maculatum

Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medicinal Plants, http://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datei:Koeh-191.jpg&filetimestamp=20070209023431

The spotted hemlock is one of the most toxic form of umbelliferous. Its toxicity has been fatal to many, probably his most famous victim was the Greek philosopher Socrates – he was executed with the “hemlock”. The functional mechanism of the main poison coniine is so far unclear, it exerts its effect on different parts of the nervous system. Poisoning usually come about through confusion with other plants.


Aethusa cynapiumH. Zell (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/69/Aethusa_cynapium_002.JPG)

Also an umbel is the dog parsley . Their venom from the group of polyynes, the Aethusin is found mainly in the roots, but in smaller doses throughout the plant. Poisoning are primarily about because she sees the garden parsley confusingly similar. 




The thimble has a long history as a medicinal plant. The cardiac glycosides contained in it, including digitoxin and digoxin, are still used today as a means to treat heart diseases such as congestive heart failure. But away from the controlled medical use, the digitalis glycosides act highly toxic.Poisoning usually occur from use as a medicinal plant.


Convallaria majalis(C) APA (BARBARA GINDL)

Nice to look at, but dangerous is also the Maiglöcken from the family of asparagus plants. The toxic effect is due to a variety of toxic glycosides. As with digitalis can be with them in the correct dosage a curative effect on heart disease achieve. Poisoning usually arise from eating the plant, especially the red berries.


Phaseolus vulgarisThen Thomas (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f3/Stangenbohne.jpg)

The common bean , or Fisole is highly toxic in uncooked form. The poison phasin, is a lectin. By cooking the beans long enough, the toxic effect can be canceled however.



Petr Filippov (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6c/Arum_cylindraceum1.JPG)

Even the arum of the family Araceae is extremely toxic. It contains a huge number of toxins, including the glycosides Aroin, Aroinin and Aroidin. Just a few of the berries often encountered in gardens Gewächses can cause serious poisoning in children.


Daphne(C) Barra (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/Daphne_x_burkwoodii.jpg)

The Daphne , a representative of the Seidelbastgewächse, with mezerein and Daphnetoxin contains two toxins. Please note that a poisoning also can occur through the skin, where the seeds are more toxic than the other plant constituents.


Helleborus nigerWild Fire (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a2/2006-12-18Helleborus_niger03.jpg?uselang=de)

The contact with the snow rose can have unpleasant consequences. In addition it also contains various glycosides, like all members of the buttercup family, Anemonol. Contact with skin can cause lesions and local inflammation in consumption to disturbances of various organ systems.


Nerium oleanderAlvesgaspar (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cc/Nerium_oleander_flowers_leaves.jpg)

Another commonly encountered in gardens poisonous plant is the oleander. The glycoside oleandrin contained in it can cause massive gastrointestinal and cardiovascular complaints. The risk of poisoning is far low than the immensely bitter taste makes eating.




Posted August 10, 2013 by kitokinimi in Uncategorized

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